Showing posts with label remote-server. Show all posts
Showing posts with label remote-server. Show all posts

Friday, July 29, 2022

How to grant privileges Mysql user for remote host machine

In this tutorial, we will learn how to grant privileges MySQL users for remote host/ip_address of the machine

SSH into remote server:

First, let's enter the remote server where the MySQL server is allocated.

ssh server_user_name@server_ip_address

Use your own server_user_name and server_ip_address.

ssh ubuntu@

Now, logged in as MySQL's root user

mysql -u root_username -p

Enter your root username and hit enter. After that, it will ask for MySQL password use your MySQL password

Grant All Privileges for all host:

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'mysql_username'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'mysql_password';

Here, we are giving the MySQL user access to it from any host or IP address by specifying %. Don't forget to flush privileges after granting privileges to the user.

Grant All Privileges for a host:

If we want to restrict MySQL user from all the hosts and give access to the specific IP address or host machine then we can use the following command

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'mysql_username'@'ip_address' IDENTIFIED BY 'mysql_password';

Make sure to use your own mysql_username and ip_address to allow access from that host.

Revoke privileges:

REVOKE ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* FROM 'mysql_username'@'ip_address';

List host users:

SELECT user, host FROM mysql.user;

This will list all the users associated with the hosts.

List all the privileges given to users:

SELECT * FROM information_schema.user_privileges;

This will show all the users with hosts and privileges available for that user and host.

Delete user associated with host:

DROP USER 'mysql_username'@'ip_address';

This will drop the user associated with that IP address and revoke all the privileges.


Friday, July 1, 2022

How to deploy the war file on remote tomcat server

In this tutorial, we are going to learn basic steps to deploy our war file to the tomcat server.

Create a war file:

First, create a war file, this will depend upon the framework used, each framework will provide the command to create a war file. The war file will contain the extension with .war.

Connect to remote server:

Now, let's connect to a remote server where we want to deploy to war file. Here we are SSH connection to the server

If you are using a server password to connect using the following command

sudo ssh server_username@ip_address

Here use your server username and server IP address to connect. For example ubuntu@34.344.56

If you are using a .pem file or other private keys to connect to a server then use the following command

sudo ssh -i path_to_pem_file server_username@ip_address

Download tomcat on the remote server:

Once ssh to a remote server, let's download the tomact server where we will deploy our war file.

Here, we are using tomcat 8 so will download the same.

sudo wget

Extract the file

sudo tar xvzf apache-tomcat-8.5.81.tar.gz

Here, generally, we put the extracted tomcat server under /opt directory of the system.

In this tutorial, we are not using tomcat GUI to make it simple for set up. so let's remove the unnecessary folder from the tomcat server.

sudo rm -r apache-tomcat-8.5.81/webapps/*

Copy war file to remote server:

Now, let's copy the war file to deploy.

sudo scp path_to_war/war_file_name.war server_username@ip_address:~

This will copy the war file into the home directory of the remote server. If you are using .pem file or other private keys then use the following command to copy the war file.

sudo scp -i path_to_pem_file path_to_war/war_file_name.war server_username@ip_address:~

Once the war file is copied and moved to the remote server then, ssh to the remote server if not ssh.

Deploy War file:

First, give sufficient permission for copied war file

sudo chmod 555 war_file_name.war

Copy war file to the webapps directory of our tomcat server

sudo mv war_file_name.war /opt/apache-tomcat-8.5.81/webapps/ROOT.war

Note: make sure that you should copy the war file as ROOT.war inside webapps directory

Install Java:

Tomcat server requires java to run. So let's install java; here, we are using OpenJDK 8 using the following command.

sudo apt-get install openjdk-8-jdk

Confirm the installation

java -version

We can see the similar output

openjdk version "1.8.0_312"
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_312-8u312-b07-0ubuntu1~20.04-b07)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.312-b07, mixed mode)

Run the Tomcat server:

First, navigate to the tomcat directory and use the below command to run the tomcat server

cd /opt/apache-tomcat-8.5.81/
sudo sh bin/

If the tomcat server is running successfully then you are supposed to see the output similar as below

Using CATALINA_BASE:   /opt/apache-tomcat-8.5.81
Using CATALINA_HOME:   /opt/apache-tomcat-8.5.81
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/apache-tomcat-8.5.81/temp
Using JRE_HOME:        /usr
Using CLASSPATH:       /opt/apache-tomcat-8.5.81/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/apache-tomcat-8.5.81/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Tomcat started.

See the logs of tomcat:

Once Tomcat is running successfully, we need to verify whether the war file is running as expected or not

sudo tail -f logs/catalina.out

This will give the last log file lines; if you want to specify how many lines to view then replace f with e.g 1000 to see the 1000 lines log.

Stop the Tomcat server:

sudo sh bin/

If the app is running fine, you can open the application using the public IP address or with the domain name if pointed to that IP address.



Here, the tomcat server will run with port 8080 by default.

Change the port 8080 to 80:

Under server.xml you can find the following tag.

change the above XML tag as below:

Here, we are changing the port from 8080 to 80 and 8443 to 443. By doing so, if your domain running with port 8080 i.e, now it will open with port 80 i.e If you type your domain in the browser then you can run it with both HTTP and HTTPS i.e and

Save the server.xml file and re-run the tomcat server by first stopping it.