Saturday, July 9, 2022

How to call parent window function from child window in javascript

In this tutorial, we will learn how to call the parent window function from the child window in javascript.

In some cases, we need to open the child browser window as a modal or dialog. For example, if need to handle and load the redirect URL in a single-page application.

While using third-party services providers for e.g PayPal we are supposed to get the redirect URL to load the payment page for security reasons. In this case, we will load that redirect URL in the child window as a modal and the user will proceed with the payment securely. Once the payment is done we need to notify the parent window or our single-page application that the payment got succeeded or pass some token. In this case, we need to call the parent window function from the child window.

Let's look into the example, where we are passing token from the child window to the parent function.

Here, while opening the child window we will register the function in the document interface that represents any web page loaded in the browser and serves as an entry point into the web page's content

document.responseToken = function (token){
          // manuplate the token

Now let's add the calling function from the child window.


Here, we are using window.opener The Window interface's opener property returns a reference to the window that opened the window i.e parent window. So we can get the responseToken function that we registered previously. This will pass the token to the reference or parent window. After that window.close() will close the child dialog window.